Prepositions in Portuguese – De onde você é?

Prepositions are small words or combination of words that connect some elements (nouns, pronouns or phrases)  to other words in a sentence. Thus, it’s very important to learn PREPOSITIONS and its structure because they are used in every day conversation.

prepo

It can be a little bit tricky in the beginning, but the more you pratice, the closer you get to mastering this language. In the following picture you can see some common prepositions in comparison with preposition in English:

Untitled drawing

Now let’s put them into some sentences:

1) Eu vou viajar depois de amanhã. (I’m going to travel after tomorrow.)

2) João vai estudar Português comigo próximo ano. (João will study Portuguese with me next year.)/ Eu  estou com ela. (I’m with her)

3) O cachorro está dentro de casa. (The dog is inside the house.)

4) As chaves estao sob a mesa. (The keys are under the table.)

5) Eu quero encontrar você antes do pôr-do-sol. (I want to see you before the sunset.)

6) Onde você está? Eu estou em casa. (Where are you? I’m at home)

7) Entre eu e você só existe amizade. (Between me and you there is only friendship.)

8) Há sete alunos e um professor entre nós. (There are seven students and one teacher among us)

Some verbs are also followed by preposition, such as GOSTAR, PRECISAR. In Portuguese these verbs are ALWAYS followed by the preposition “DE”(in English it is not necessary):

Eg: Eu gosto de você. (I like you)

Ana gosta de chocolate. (Ana likes chocolate.)

Carlos gosta de feijoada. (Carlos likes feijoada.)

Many students have difficulties to make difference between: DE and DO, DOS, DA, DAS. There are many situations where you can use them,  let’s see some exemples how to use it properly.

First of all, remember that main preposition is “DE”, the other ones are combination of DE + articles:

DE + A: DA (feminim, singular)

DE + AS: DAS (feminim, plural)

DE + O: DO (masculin, singular)

DE + OS: DOS (masculin, plural)

  • DE:

__De onde você é? (Where are you from?)

__Eu sou de Fortaleza. /Eu sou de Sao Paulo/ Eu sou de Brasília/ Eu sou de Bogotá/ Eu sou de Buenos Aires/ Eu sou de Londres.

*exceptions: Rio de Janeiro and Bahia. Eu sou do Rio de Janeiro/ Eu sou da Bahia.

Use “DE” when you’re talking about the city where you’re from.

  • DO/DA/DOS/DAS

__De onde você é? (Where are you from?)

__ Eu sou do Brasil/do Japao/do Peru./da Colômbia/da Inglaterra/ da República Tcheca/dos Estados Unidos/das Ilhas Malvinas.

*exceptions: Eu sou de Portugal./ Eu sou de Cuba

Use DO/DA/DOS/DAS when you’re talking about the country you’re from.

To use the correct preposition in this case you must learn the gender of the countries in Portuguese. We have a helpful list for you:

FEMININ

A Argentina

A Alemanha

A Colômbia

A Guatemala

A Espanha

A Eslovênia

A Inglaterra

A China

A Índia

A Angola

A África do Sul

A Hungria

A Russia

MASCULIN

O Japao

O Chile

O Equador

O México

Os Estados Unidos

O Brasil

O Canadá

O Ira

O Egito

O Panamá

Are we understood?😉 Now that you have learned it, leave us a coment answering this question: “De onde você é?”😀

4 thoughts on “Prepositions in Portuguese – De onde você é?

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